Refugee Journey

//Refugee Journey
Refugee Journey2017-11-06T20:02:22+00:00

Refugee Journey

Refugees are fleeing war and persecution. This in and of itself is a root cause of post traumatic disorders, and struggles don’t end once refugees have arrived in the U.S. Understanding the refugee journey, from trauma to flight to resettlement, is vital when providing care for and working with refugees.

Stages of the Refugee Journey

  • STAGE ONE: TRAUMA

    Traumatic events that led to a refugee fleeing their homeland

    Refugees may have faced:

    • War
    • Assault
    • Torture
    • Rape
    • Imprisonment
    • Isolation
    • Death or loss of family members
    • Loss of home and possessions
  • STAGE TWO: FLIGHT

    Hardships undergone while
    seeking asylum

    Refugees may have faced:

    • Seclusion
    • Fear of capture
    • Loss of community,
      culture and language
    • Disruption in education
    • Violent crime
    • Poor medical care and nutrition
    • Difficult conditions in
      refugee camps
  • STAGE THREE: RESETTLEMENT

    Adversity encountered after arrival in the resettlement country

    Refugees may be facing:

    • Grief
    • Loss of social and
      economic status
    • Language barriers
    • Unemployment or underemployment
    • Discrimination
    • Family separation
    • Poor social support
    • Loss of identity and dreams
    • Acculturation stress
  • TRAUMA VS. GRIEF

    Grief is commonly experienced after undergoing a traumatic event.
    Both grief and trauma are normal responses to the magnitude of loss a refugee experiences, they are different from each other. Grief is a response to loss of people, places or possessions that were important.

STAGE ONE: TRAUMA

Traumatic events that led to a refugee fleeing their homeland

  • Refugees may have faced
  • War
  • Assault
  • Torture
  • Rape
  • Imprisonment
  • Isolation
  • Death or loss of family members
  • Loss of home and possessions

STAGE TWO: FLIGHT

Hardships undergone while seeking asylum

  • Refugees may have faced
  • Seclusion
  • Fear of capture
  • Loss of community, culture and language
  • Disruption in education
  • Violent crime
  • Poor medical care and nutrition
  • Difficult conditions in refugee camps

STAGE THREE: RESETTLEMENT

Adversity encountered after arrival in the resettlement country

  • Refugees may be facing
  • Grief
  • Loss of social and economic status
  • Language barriers
  • Unemployment or underemployment
  • Discrimination
  • Family separation
  • Poor social support
  • Loss of identity and dreams
  • Acculturation stress

TRAUMA VS. GRIEF

Grief is commonly experienced after undergoing a traumatic event. Both grief and trauma are normal responses to the magnitude of loss a refugee experiences, they are different from each other. Grief is a response to loss of people, places or possessions that were important.